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Express delivery packaging needs to be green
2018-08-07 14:49
Express delivery packaging needs to be green
There are two multiple choice questions. Can you answer it correctly? Question one: According to a report from the State Post Bureau, in 2016, the national express delivery industry consumed about 10,000 plastic bags – A.147,000, B.147 million, and C.147 billion.
Question two: According to public statistics, the top three domestic takeaway platforms have a daily order volume of about 20 million yuan, and at least one plastic bag is required for one single. Estimated at 0.06 square meters per bag, the daily consumption of plastic bags can be used to cover () a football field - A.16.8, B.168, C.1680.
According to the notice on restricting the use of plastic shopping bags for production and sales, starting from June 1, 2008, the production, sale, and use of plastic bags with a thickness of less than 0.025 mm are banned nationwide, and all supermarkets, shopping malls, and bazaars have been implemented Plastic bag paid use system.
In the past 10 years, how was the "plastic limit order" implemented? With the rise of the Internet, the field of take-away express delivery has become a big use for plastic bags. What is the actual situation? Ten years ago, the emphasis was placed on retail outlets for offline products. The reporter launched an investigation.
Large Business Supermarkets: Significantly Decreased Uses and Increased Alternatives
“Is there a need for plastic bags?” the cashier asked at the checkout at the Donggedian Vanguard supermarket in Nanning, Guangxi. "It's no use." An old man said, pulling out a folded bag.
On the afternoon of the working day, most supermarkets are shopping for the elderly. The reporter observed nearly 10 minutes and more than 20 customers paid for the departure. Only 2 people purchased plastic bags. There are three kinds of plastic bags at the cash register, bearing weights of 6 kg, 8 kg and 10 kg. The prices are 0.2 yuan, 0.3 yuan and 0.4 yuan respectively. The bags are printed with implementation standards, specifications, environmental protection tips, and production units. Zhang Dingxin, deputy general manager of supermarket customer service, introduced about 5,000 passengers per day and sold 1,000 plastic bags.
Plastic limit orders were performed well in Shangchao and pharmacies. The sales volume of plastic bags in major supermarkets and shopping malls in the city decreased significantly. The usage of plastic bag charges decreased by nearly 70% compared with that before plastics limit. The relevant person in charge of the market regulation and management section of Nanning City Industrial and Commercial Department Say.
In Changchun Eurasian Spring Market, Changchun, Jilin, in addition to biodegradable plastic bags, it also provides a variety of cloth bags, paper boxes, paper bags, woven baskets and so on. Deputy General Manager Li Jianxin introduced that in 2016 it sold 78,000 sacks and more than 444,000 biodegradable plastic bags; in 2017 it sold more than 100,000 sacks, about 405,000 biodegradable plastic bags, and the sales of plastic bags decreased by nearly 40,000. One, consumers choose more durable bags.
According to the person in charge of the Jilin Provincial Development and Reform Commission, starting in 2015, production, sales, and providing disposable non-degradable plastic shopping bags and plastic tableware are all prohibited, and Jilin is the first comprehensive plastic ban in the country. Today, the replacement rate of large commercial hyperdegradable plastic products in the province reaches 90%, and the main channel for market supply has been formed.
Data from the National Development and Reform Commission shows that since 2016, the use of plastic bags by supermarkets has generally been reduced by more than two-thirds, and the total amount of plastic shopping bags has decreased by approximately 1.4 million tons, equivalent to nearly 30 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions.
Street vendor: Ultra-thin plastic bags are mostly provided free of charge and are forbidden
The plastic limit order requires that the retail location of the goods must be clearly marked on the plastic bags, and the plastic bags must not be provided free of charge or the price of the plastic bags should be included in the total price of the goods. However, in some places, the reality is not optimistic.
“Every night, people come to sell plastic bags. This thin type I usually buy 5 bundles, 30 yuan per bundle of 1 yuan, almost all the next day. After the plastic limit, the thick bags are more expensive, we have to It will take some money, but it will not collect plastic bags for customers," said a stall owner at a farmers' market in Nanning.
The reporter saw that traders are all equipped with plastic bags, which account for the majority of ultra-thin. When the customer buys food, the stall owner will take the initiative to bag, a customer took the bag and weigh it, felt that the bag was thin, but also let the stall owner set one more. To ride a bike, to secure the bag on the handlebars, one or two sets will be required.
In the alleys two streets away from the market, several vendors are setting up stalls. A vendor selling fruit displayed three types of plastic bags. “This is a 10-pound bag that can hold up to 8 pounds. All of them are bundled with 9 yuan and 3 lines. This thin 9-prong bundle is 6 yuan.” Thin plastic bag There is no logo on it.
Ms. Li had just finished shopping and carrying a bag and said: "Some dishes are stained with soil, and some carry water. They are thrown directly in plastic bags and don't feel bad. If you use a cloth bag, you have to clean up. It's not convenient. All the people selling vegetables will provide plastic bags."
The person in charge of the market regulation management section of the Nanning City Industrial and Commercial Department said that the implementation of plastic limit orders in the country's bazaars is poor, and the problem of the free provision of ultra-thin plastic bags by individual operators in the vegetable market is still prevalent. Self-employed merchants frankly say that this is a frustrating move. “If you make a charge, the customer turns away and the business cannot do it.”
Zhang Qingwen, head of the marketing department of the Changchun City Department of Industry and Commerce, also stated that in some small markets, supermarkets, and omnivores stores, the implementation of plastic bans has been discounted due to the cost and quality of plastic products.
Three years ago, at the beginning of the issuance of the Jilin banned plastics order, the reporter visited Changchun Guangfu Road Small Commodity Wholesale Market. At that time, the non-degradable plastic bag dealers faced operating pressure. Recently, the reporter came to the market, but found that the traditional plastic bags are still everywhere. There was a propaganda list for the forbidden plastic before the store, but there were various kinds of plastic bags in the store. In front of a small shop, there are "plastic bags" and "garbage bags". The following black, red, blue and white colored plastic bags are arranged in rows. The store's plastic bags are dazzling, and all of them are traditional PE plastic bags, some without any logo. Upon inquiry, medium-sized plastic bags are 4 yuan and 50, and the cheapest small bags are 1.5 yuan and 70 pieces, which are distributed to small businesses in Changchun City.
"The continuous increase in forbidden plasticity, the difficulty of the ban on plastics still exists." Zhang Qingwen said.
Take-away delivery: New forms of business bring new pressure and supervision is strengthening
Back to the beginning of the two questions, the former answer is C, the latter is B. With the development of new businesses such as e-commerce, express delivery, and takeaways, consumption of plastic lunch boxes and plastic packaging has risen rapidly, creating new pressures on resources and the environment.
Takeaways, for example, are commonly used in plastic lunch boxes and plastic bags. At the entrance of a residential area in Nanning, a food delivery person who just delivered a take-away meal said: “I’m in charge of a lot of regional take-out businesses. Most of them are packed in plastic bags and only 3 home paper packages.” In a large shopping mall On the negative level, a staff member of a chicken row chain said: “We sell fried foods, take delivery, and customers go to the store to pack and take away plastic bags, with an average of 100 daily.”
A citizen who just received a take-away meal said: "This can be packaged together, such as meat skewers and sausages, will be put together in plastic bags; rice, noodles, flour and the like will be packed in plastic lunch boxes; In the end, a large bag will be used to hold the small bag together for easy carrying; beverages and soup will be packed in a separate bag.”
“After eating out, the trash will be thrown out of the bag to be taken away and will not be used repeatedly because of the smell of the food, the oil, etc.” The citizen said that despite receiving the take-out plastic bags The quality of the lunch box is good, and the business will charge the lunch box, but it will not be recycled but will be discarded directly.
In response to these new problems, the relevant person in charge of the Jilin Provincial Development and Reform Commission stated that the main bodies of supervision and control of new consumer industries such as food and beverage take-aways and postal courier services are not clear, and there are regulatory blind spots and weak links. In response, the "Provisional Interim Regulations" that came into effect on May 1st this year clearly states that the express delivery companies are encouraged to use environmentally friendly packaging materials and recycle express packaging materials. Domestic express delivery companies have also taken action to promote "green logistics" with practical measures.
Recently, the relevant person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission said that the National Development and Reform Commission plans to work with relevant departments to study and adjust the plastic limit order, and to study and formulate relevant implementation plans for restricting the use of a series of non-degradable plastic packaging in e-commerce, express delivery and take-away industries.
In places, relevant attempts have also begun. A fitness restaurant in the urban area of ​​Nanning puts take-away foods in paper bags. The shop owner said, “We used plastic bags before using paper bags. Customers felt that our products looked more green.” (Reporter Liu Jiahua Zhu Dawei)
(责任编辑:superuser)
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